I graduated from the Medical School of the University of Vienna, Austria, where I aso studied studied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics. I completed Psychoanalytic Training with the Psychoanalytic Institute in Pittsburgh in 1975.

My first academic appoinment was with the department of Pharmacology of the University of Vienna Medical Center. While there on the faculty and working with my colleagues K. Ginzel and H. Klupp,  I discovered in 1950 the drug  Succinylcholine (Suxamthonium) as medication for controlled muscle paralysis in Anesthesiology and Electroshock Therapy. In both clinical  applications, its clinical usefulness in world-wide use has remained unsurpassed for the past 60 years. Subsequently, I  undertook initial neuropharmacological investigation of Chlorpromazine which became the benchmark and parent compound for a large class of antipsychotic medications.

    While on leave of absence from the University Vienna where I had received the Venia Legendi,  I was for three years, each, on the Faculty of the School of Tropical Medicine in Calcutta, India, (under the auspices of WHO), and the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil (under the auspices of the Rockefeller Foundation). I immigrated to US in 1957 to join W.F. Riker at Cornell Medical College, New York City  in a tenured position, discovering pharmacologically active receptors at mammalian motor nerve terminals.   In 1960, I joined Vernon Mountcastle at Johns Hopkins University where I received a Lifetime Research Career Award form NIH:  we studied in primates the representation of tactile and joint sensation in the Somatic Area I of the cerebral cortex, introducing novel approaches for characterizing  single neuron activity in relation to Psychophysical Functions. This work launched me in Computer science which has become a steady involvement ever since.  During that time,  I became a member of the experimental group that assembled the LINC computer at MIT, as a new departure for Biomedical Computing.

         In 1965, I became Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Pittsburgh where I built for the next 10 years a Department with interdisciplinary emphasis on Neurosciences, Psychobiology, and biomedical computer applications. My own research continued in Neurophysiology of the somesthetic and the vestibular systems of subhuman primates and involved also developing computer models of neurological functions. Together with Harry Pople, I designed the first Artificial Intelligence Program based on the logical rules of  Abduction. Under the Chairmanship of Dr. William Raub of NIH, I served for several years on a panel for developing strategies and specifications for the Biomedical Information System PROPHET.
          In 1974, A assumed for 4 years the positions of Dean of the School of Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh, and VP for Professional Affairs at the University Health Center. Subsequently, I was for the next 10 years Professor of Psychiatry and Pharmacology at the University of Pittsburgh, where I worked on developing Medical Expert Systems, and taught and practiced psychoanalytically and cognitively oriented Psychotherapy.
           Following retirement from my academic career in 1989, I spent 5 years, each, at first as Assoc. Chief of Staff at a Veterans Administration Medical Center in Pittsburgh and, then as Research Scientist with Motorola in Austin, TX.

At present, I am an adj. Professor with the Department of Biomedical Engineering of the University of Texas at Austin.

     In 1982, I was a Fellow of the Japan Society for the Advancement of Science. In 1983, I received the US Senior Scientist award of the A. v. Humboldt Foundation. In 1986, the Society of Neuroscience held a Satellite meeting at the University of Pittsburgh at the occasion of my 65th birthday. I am a Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, UK. I am presently  a member of The Advisory Editorial Bord of  the Journals "Chaos, Solitons and Fractals", and "Frontiers in Physiology".

    My current interests and work are in complex adaptive systems, nonlinear dynamics, Network Theory, and in the conceptual foundation of Neuroscience. See my recent publictions on these topics :    

   Siren call of Metaphor: subverting the proper task of Neuroscience:  Journal of Integrative Neuroscience  3(3):245-252, 2004.

   Perspectives on the Neuroscience of Cognition and Consciousnbess: BioSystems  87:82-95, 2007..

   Metastability, Criticality and Phase Transitions in Brain and its Models: BioSystems  90:496-508, 2007.

   Brain Dynamics across levels of Organization: Journal of Physiology (Paris): 101: 273-279, 2007.

   Consciousness  related neural events viewed as Brain State Space Transitions: Cognitive Neurodynamics 3:83-95, 2009.

   Viewing brain processes as Critical State Transitions across levels of Organization: Neural events in Cognition and Consciousness
                                                                                                                             and general principles: BioSystems 96:114-119, 2009.

   On critical StateTransitions between different levels in Neural Systems: New Mathematics and Natural Computation  5(1):185-196, 2009.

   Reflections on Criticality and Complexity in Biological Systems. Invited Lecture, Ecole National Superieur, Paris, 2009, in print.

   Fractals in the Nervous System: conceptual implications for theoretical Neuroscience. Frontiers in Physiology, 1: 1-28, 2010.

   Good Data in need of a good Theory: Comment on "Natural world physical, brain operational and mind phenomenal space-time"
          by A.A. Fingelkurts, A.A. Fingelkurts and C.F.H. Neves.  Physics of Life Reviews. 7: 256-259, 2010.

   On modeling the "Extended Mind" Thesis (Clark & Chalmers) in the framework of Complex System Dynamics, 2011, in print.

   Consciousness Viewed in the Framework of Brain Phase Space Dynamics, Criticality, and the Renormalization Group.
         arXiv:1103.2366v1 [q-biol.NC], March 2011.

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