Upaniads

 

 

(annotated translation of 12 early Upaniads)

 

 

 

Oxford World's Classics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 504 pages.

 

        
 

Corrections and Additions

 
           
  Page / Line Original   Correction  
  xvi  / 11 Böhtlingk, O. (1891),...   Böhtlingk, O. (1890),...  
           
  xvi   / 14

      historische Classe, 24; Leipzig).

 

      historische Classe, 42; Leipzig).

 
           
  xvi   / 15 -------- (tr.)  (1989a),...   -------- (tr.)  (1889a),...  
           
  xx    / 5 Olivelle, P. (1991),...   Olivelle, P. (1981),...  
           
  xx    / 11 Ortel, ...   Oertel...  
           
  xxi   / 8

Insert entry:  Rocher, L. 1973. "Iha ced aakad boddhum (Kahopaniad 6.4)," VIJ 11: 7-12.

 
           
  14   / 8 ...bull and copulated...   ...bull and again copulated...  
           
  17   / 34 for people hear about it with...   for people hear it with...  
           
  29   / 27-31 ...so indeed this Immense Being has exhaled all this: gveda, Yajurveda, Smaveda, the Atharva-girasa, histories, ancient tales, sciences, hidden teachings , verses, aphorisms, explanations, and glosses -- it is that Immense Being who has exhaled all this.   so indeed the gveda, Yajurveda, Smaveda, the Atharva-girasa, histories, ancient tales, sciences, hidden teachings , verses, aphorisms, explanations, and glosses - all these are the exhalation of this Immense Being. And they are the inhalation of that very Being.  
           
  41   / 22 knows the self; he knows all."   knows the self; he knows all." That's what he told them.  
           
  55   / 30 have told you,' said Janaka.   have told you.'  
           
  55   / 32 me.'   me,' said Janaka.  
           
  57   / 39 ...Janaka of Videha, replied:   ...Janaka of Videha replied:  
           
  61   / 25 bad follow him,...   bad follows him,...  
           
  70   / 31-37 ..., my dear, this Immense Being has exhaled all this: gveda, Yajurveda, Smaveda, the Atharva-girasa, histories, ancient tales, sciences, hidden teachings , verses, aphorisms, explanations, glosses, sacrifices, oblations, offerings of food and drink, this world, the other world, and all beings - it is that Immense Being who has exhaled all this.   so indeed the gveda, Yajurveda, Smaveda, the Atharva-girasa, histories, ancient tales, sciences, hidden teachings , verses, aphorisms, explanations, glosses, sacrifices, oblations, offerings of food and drink, this world, the other world, and all beings - all these are the exhalation of this Immense Being. And they are the inhalation of that very Being.  
           
  83   / 3-6 Replace: 'This knowledge...speaks like that!

With: "As before now this knowledge has not resided in any Brahmin, so may you, Gautama, or your grandfathers not cause us harm. But I will tell it to you, for who can refuse you when you speak like that.

 
           
  104 / 28-29 ...And if someone were to say to you now "Your...   ...And now if someone were to say, "Your...  
           
  105 / 4 ...And if someone were to say to you now   ...And now if someone were to say,  
           
  110 / 22 is always the same ...   is always the same (sama)...  
           
  118 / 25-26 ...the gveda -- they are the immortal waters.   ...the gveda, which is also the immortal waters.  
           
  119 / 3 Yajurveda -- they are the immortal waters.   Yajurveda, which is also the immortal waters.  
           
  119 / 11 Smaveda -- they are the immortal waters.   Smaveda, which is also the immortal waters.  
           
  121-122/ 35-1 ...knows this same hidden...of truth (brahman) -- for him   ...knows this hidden...of truth (brahman) in this manner -- for him...  
           
  124 / 29-34 **Should be formatted and read as verse**  
           
  129 / 31 Abhiprtin...   Abhipratrin...  
           
  130 / 1

**You haven't given this food to a man to whom it is due!" should be formatted and read as verse**

 
           
  134 / 30 'They just told you about...   'They did indeed tell you about...  
           
  138 / 9 ...mind.' So sight re-entered.   ...mind.' So hearing re-entered.  
           
  139 / 35 sistent...   sistant...  
           
  140 / 22-24 ...Without actually teaching me, sir, you told me that you had taught me!...   ...Without actually teaching me, I dare say, you told me, sir, that you had taught me!...  
           
  140 / 36-38 'As to what you have asked me, Gautama, let me tell you that before you this knowledge had never reached the Brahmins. As a result in all the worlds government has belonged...   'As you have told me, Gautama, before you this knowledge has never reached Brahmins. In all the worlds, therefore, government has belonged...  
           
  148 / 20-21 4 'How indeed does...

'It is like...

  'How indeed does...

4 'It is like...

 
           
  150 / 27 three deities become threefold.   three deities becomes threefold.  
           
  153 / 23, 26 .... No matter what...

3'The finest essence...

  .... 3No matter what...

4'The finest essence...

 
           
  157 / 18 2 'Speech is clearly greater than...   2 'Speech, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  158 / 1 3 'The mind is clearly greater than...   3 'The mind, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  158 / 17 4 'Intention is clearly greater than...   4 'Intention, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  159 / 6 5 'Thought is clearly greater than...   5 'Thought, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  159 / 29 6 'Deep reflection is clearly greater than...   6 'Deep reflection, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  160 / 10 7 'Perception is clearly greater than...   7 'Perception, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  160 / 32 8 'Strength is clearly greater than...   8 'Strength, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  160 / 35-36 ...he begins to move about; when he moves about, he comes to be a pupil; when he is a pupil...   ...he comes to be one who serves; when he serves, he comes to be a pupil; when he becomes a pupil...  
           
  161 / 11 9 'Food is clearly greater than...   9 'Food, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  161 / 25 10 'Water is clearly greater than...   10 'Water, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  162 / 4 11 'Heat is clearly greater than...   11 'Heat, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  162 / 20 12 'Space is clearly greater than...   12 'Space, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  162 / 35 13 'Memory is clearly greater than...   13 'Memory, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  163 / 12 14 'Hope is clearly greater than...   14 'Hope, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  163 / 23 15 'Lifebreath is clearly greater than...   15 'Lifebreath, is undoubtedly greater than...  
           
  167 / 8-13

**from 'As vast... to ...--all that is contained within it.' should be formatted and read as verse**

 
           
  169 / 22 ...and neither do old age...   ...and neither does old age...  
           
  169 / 27-29 Upon passing across this dike, therefore, even the night appears just like day, for, indeed, this world of brahman is lit up once and for all.   Upon passing across this dike, therefore, one even passes from night into day, for, indeed, this world of brahman is lit up once and for all.  
           
  184 / 32

add benediction:

O  May it help us both together!  May it help us both together!  Together let us both act boldy!  May our learning be full of vigor!  May we never dislike each other!  O  Peace! Peace! Peace!

 
           
  186 / 14, 29 **read his in place of its**  
           
  187 / 11

**read his in place of its**

 
           
  190 / 2 add benediction:

O  May it help us both together!  May it foster us both together!  Together let us both act boldly!  May our learning be full of vigor!  May we never dislike each other!  O  Peace! Peace! Peace!

 
           
  192 / 24 ...as 'dying around brahman',...   ...as 'dying around of brahman',...  
           
  195 / 15-16 ...nostrils sprang breath, and from breath, the wind.   ...nostrils sprang out-breath, and from out-breath, the wind.  
           
  196 / 5 became breath...   became out-breath...  
           
  197 / 31-33 That is the radiance gathered from all the bodily parts; so he bears himself (tman) in himself (tman).  And when a man deposits the semen in a woman...   This radiance gathered from all the bodily parts.  He bears in himself (tman) as himself (tman)And when a man deposits it in a woman...  
           
  198 / 5-7 At the beginning, he takes care of the child even before its birth.  When he takes care of the child even before its birth, he is thereby taking care of himself...   At the beginning, he nourishes the child even before its birth.  When he nourishes the child even before its birth, he is thereby nourishing himself...  
           
  200 / 20-23 1   1        Citra...

     1.1     Citra...

     1.2     The path...

     1.3-7  The path...

 

  1   1     Citra...

     1     Citra...

     2     The path...

     3-7  The path...

 
 
           
  202 / 1 Once, when Citra Ggyani was...   Once, when Citra Ggyyani was...  
           
  204 / 4 Brahman tells them:...   As the man who knows this is approaching, Brahman tells them...  
           
  209 - 211

**8a should be changed to 8; 8b (p.210, ll.2-9) should become 10 and moved to page 211 accordingly; 8c should be read as a continuation of 8; 10 should be changed to 11

 
           
  212 / 20 11   12  
           
  213 / 1 12   13  
           
  213 / 20 13   14  
           
  213/  21-23 ...departed from this body. When that happened, the body lay there like a log, without breathing, and withered.   ...departed from this body, and it lay there like a log.  
           
  214 / 7 ...and with space as their self...   ...and with space as his self...  
           
  214 / 10 14   15  
           
  215 / 25 'Well then, I'll do without..."   "Well then, I think I'll do without..."  
           
  229 / 30 ...He said, 'Very well,' 8 and   ...He said, 'Very well,' and  
           
  236 / 24-28 10 What you call a treasure, I know to be transient;

        for by fleeting things one cannot gain the perennial.

Therefore I have built the fire-altar of Naciketas,

        and by fleeting things I have gained the eternal.

11 Satisfying...

  [NACIKETAS]10 What you call a treasure, I know to be transient;

        for by fleeting things one cannot gain the perennial.

Therefore I have built the fire-altar of Naciketas,

        and by eternal things I have gained the eternal.

[DEATH]11 Satisfying...

 
           
  237 / 4 to be open Naciketas.   to be open, Naciketas.  
           
  242 / 1, 6 So, indeed, is that!

               11With your...

So, indeed, is that!

               12A person...

                 11With your...

               12A person...

 
 
           
  244 / 17 the one, who despenses...   the one, who dispenses...  
           
  249 / 17 ...yet it does not move   ...yet it does not move!  
           
  249 / 30 without sinews, not riddled by evil.   without sinews, pure, not riddled by evil.  
           
  255 / 11 ...for the strength to go to heaven.   ...for a heavenly abode, for strength.  
           
  259 / 20 ...leaves her after he has finished...   ...leaves her as soon as she has finished...  
           
  269 / 12 stretched in many ways   are stretched in many ways  
           
  269 / 22-25 and the four-month sacrifice; and without offerings to guests; That is performed without an offering to all the gods, or without following the rules;   the four-month or harvest sacrifice; or without offerings to guests; That is not performed, or performed without an offering to all the gods, or without following the rules;  
           
  272 / 33 It is breath, it is the immortal.   It is the breath, it is speech and mind; it is the truth, the immortal.  
           
  273 / 0 2.1.10   2.2.10  
           
  273 / 6 ...be lodged in that.   ...be lodged in that,  
           
  273 / 14-15 Where the veins come together like spokes, in it is that one, taking birth in many ways.  

Where the veins come together, like spokes on the hub, In it that one moves, taking birth in many ways.

 
           
  274 / 7-8 it alone, to the south, to the north,

it alone extends above and below;

  brahman, to the south, to the north,

brahman extends above and below;

 
           
  275 / 38 ...through his actions.   ...through his desires.  
           
  276 / 8 or even by austerity without the marks.   by austerity or by one without the marks.  
           
  285 / 19 He told aibya: 2'Satyakma...   2He told aibya: 'Satyakma...  
           
  306 / 6 4.1       4.1      
           
  316 / 7 ...and 33; KsU...   ...and 33; KaU...  
           
  323 / 11 Gonda 1954, 1959,   Gonda 1954, 1965,  
           
  338 / 7 metre, see CU 2.14.1n...   metre, see BU 5.14.1n...  
           
  338 / 23 singing of the...   the singing of the...  
           
  339 / 32 ...see Lüders 1940b...   ...see Lüders 1940a..  
           
  342 / 33 17.3   17.3  
           
  347 / 39 'Its the three...   'It's the three...  
           
  348 / 12 ...as Thieme has...   ...as Thieme (1968a) has...  
           
  352 / 24 Its verbal equivalents...   Its verbal forms...  
           
  360 / 34 Dying around brahman...   Dying around of brahman...  
           
  362 / 14, 18 ...Böhtlingk's (1891)...

...Böhtlingk's (1891)...

  ...Böhtlingk's (1890)...

...Böhtlingk's (1890)...

 
           
  368 / 27 4.1.1n...   4.1.2n...  
           
  376 / 36    
           
  386 / 18 ...in the SU is either a symbol for the....   ...in the SU is a symbol either of the....  
           
  388 / 8, 9 The references to yoking in these verses probably reflects the actions...   The references to yoking in the original setting of these verses probably reflect the actions...  
           
  401 / 17 ...of this verse is   ...of this verse are  
           
  401 / 28-29 ...priests, thinking "That's enough!ẽ'   ...priests, thinking "That's enough!" '  
           
  403 / 35 ...dead person to this next birth.   ...dead person to his next birth.  
           
  411 / 11 Naka.  See  Maudgalya.   Nka.  See  Maudgalya.  
           
  417 / 18 Abhiprtin Kkaseni....   Abhipratrin Kkaseni....  
           
  423 / 15 ...BU .5.17   ...BU 1.5.17; KSU 2.14  
           
  445 / 6 wife BU 1.4.3, 17; 2.4.5; 3.6.1...   wife BU 1.4.3, 17; 2.4.5; 3.7.1...